Saturday, July 5, 2014

'How should I spell the olympian gods' names in ancient Greek?'

There are a huge number of Gods, Titans, and other figures to name, so let me suffice by putting together a list of the 'major' Gods, Titans, and Heroes, and referring you to Wikipedia and/or for the rest.

  • Aether (Αἰθήρ, Aithḗr,'Light')
  • Ananke (Ἀνάγκη, Anánkē, 'Fate' or 'Compulsion')
  • Erebos (Ἔρεβος, Érebos, 'Darkness')
  • Eros (Ἔρως, Eros, 'Desire' or 'Love')
  • Gaea (Γαῖα, Gaîa, 'Earth')
  • Hemera (Ἡμέρα, Hēméra, 'Day')
  • Hydros (Ὑδρος, Hydros, 'Primordial Waters')
  • Hypnos (Ὕπνος, Hypnos, 'Sleep')
  • Khaos (χάος, Cháos, 'Chaos' or 'Air')
  • Khronos (Χρόνος, Chrónos, 'Time')
  • Nêsoi (Νησοι, Nē̂soi, 'Islands')
  • Nyx (Νύξ, Nýx, 'Night')
  • Ôkeanos (Ωκεανος, 'Water')
  • Ouranos (Οὐρανός, Ouranós, 'Sky')
  • Ourea (Oὔρεα, Oúrea, 'Mountains')
  • Phanes (Φάνης, Phánēs, 'Procreation')
  • Pontos (Πόντος, Póntus, 'Sea')
  • Phusis (φύσις, 'Nature')
  • Tartaros (Τάρταρος, Tártaros)
  • Thalassa (Θάλασσα, Thálassa, 'Sea')
  • Thanatos (Θάνατος, Thánatos, 'Death')
  • Thesis (Θεσις, Thesis, 'Creation')
  • Atlas (Ατλας, God of astronomy and navigation)
  • Epimetheus (Επιμηθευς, God of afterthought)
  • Hyperion (Ὑπεριων, God of Light)
  • Iapetos (Ιαπετος, God of the mortal life-span)
  • Koios (Κοιος, God of the inquisitive mind)
  • Krios (Κριως, God of the constellations)
  • Kronus (Κρονος, who rules of time and the ages)
  • Okeanos (Ωκεανος, God of the great earth-encircling river Okeanos, the font of all the earth's fresh-water)
  • Phoebe (Φοιβη, Goddess of intellect)
  • Prometheus (Προμηθευς, God of forethought and crafty counsel)
  • Rhea (Ρεα, Goddess of female fertility and the wild mountains)
  • Tethys (Τηθυς, Goddess of nursing and of the underground sources of fresh-water)
  • Theia (Θεια, Goddess of sight and precious gemstones)
  • Themis (Θεμις, Goddess of natural order, divine law and tradition)
  • Menoitios (Μενοιτιος, God of violent anger and rash action)
  • Mnemosyne (Μνημοσυνη, Goddess of memory, words and language)
  • Ankhialê (Αγχιαλη, Goddess of the warming heat of fire)
  • Asteria (Αστερια,Ggoddess of the oracles and prophecies of night)
  • Astraios (Αστραιος, God of the stars and planets, and the art of astrology)
  • Aura (Αυρα, Goddess of the breeze and the fresh, cool air of early morning)
  • Klymenê (Κλυμηνη, goddess of renown, fame and infamy)
  • Diônê (Διωνη, Goddess of the oracle of Dodona)
  • Êôs (Ηως, Goddess of dawn)
  • Eurybia (Ευρυβια, Goddess of the mastery of the seas)
  • Eurynomê (Ευρυνομη, Goddess of water-meadows and pasturelands)
  • Helios (Ἡλιος, God of the sun, oaths and sight)
  • Hekatê (Ἑκατη, goddess of (the protection against) magic, witchcraft, the night, moon, ghosts and necromancy)
  • Lêlantos (Ληλαντος, God of air and stalking prey)
  • Lêtô (Λητω, Goddess of motherhood and protectress of the young)
  • Melisseus (Μελισσευς, God of honey)
  • Mêtis (Μητις, Goddess of good counsel, advise, planning, cunning, craftiness and wisdom)
  • The (Elder) Mousai (Μουσαι, Goddesses of music)
  • Pallas (Παλλας, God of warcraft and the Greek campaign season of late spring and early summer)
  • Persaios (Περσαιος, God of destruction)
  • Phorkys (Φορκυς, God who presides over the hidden dangers of the deep sea)
  • Selênê (Σεληνη, Goddess of the moon)
  • Styx (Στυξ, Goddess of the Underworld River Styx and of hatred)
Olympic Gods
  • Aphrodite (Ἀφροδίτη, Aphroditē)
  • Apollo (Ἀπόλλων, Apóllōn)
  • Ares (Ἄρης, Árēs)
  • Artemis (Ἄρτεμις, Ártemis)
  • Athena (Ἀθηνᾶ, Athēnâ)
  • Demeter (Δημήτηρ, Dēmētēr)
  • Dionysus (Διόνυσος, Diónysos)
  • Hades (ᾍδης, Hádēs) / Pluton (Πλούτων, Ploutōn)
  • Hephaestus (Ἥφαιστος, Hḗphaistos)
  • Hera (Ἥρα, Hḗra)
  • Hermes (Ἑρμῆς, Hērmēs)
  • Hestia (Ἑστία, Hestía)
  • Poseidon (Ποσειδῶν, Poseidōn) 
  • Zeus (Ζεύς, Zeus) 
Heroes/deified mortals
  • Achilles (Ἀχιλλεύς, hero of the Trojan War)
  • Andromeda (Ἀνδρομέδα, Androméda, wife of Perseus)
  • Ariadne (Αριάδνη, a Cretan princess, wife of Dionysus)
  • Asklepios (Ἀσκληπιός, Thessalian physician made God of Healing)
  • Atalanta (Ἀταλάντη, Atalantē, slayer of the Kalydonian Boar)
  • Bellerophon (Βελλεροφῶν, hero who rode Pegasos)
  • Daedalos (Δαίδαλος, skillful craftsman and artist, father of Íkaros (Ἴκαρος))
  • The Dioscuri (Διόσκουροι, divine twins: Kastor (Κάστωρ) and Polydeukes (Πολυδεύκης))
  • Ganymede (Γανυμήδης, cup-bearer of the Gods)
  • Herakles (Ἡρακλῆς, ascended hero)
  • Jason (Ἰάσων, Iásōn, leader of the Argonautai (Ἀργοναῦται))
  • Odysseus (Ὀδυσσεύς, hero of the Odysseia)
  • Orpheus (Ὀρφεύς, legendary musician, poet, and prophet)
  • Perseus (Περσεύς, first of the heroes of Hellenic mythology)
  • Psyche (Ψυχή, Goddess of the Soul)
  • Theseus (Θησεύς, founder-king of Athens)


Aldrin said...

Thanks, this is really helpful! Although the problem with, sometimes, is that it doesn't always tell you where the stress is.

Would you happen to know the vocative forms, too? That would be extremely helpful, especially in addressing the Gods in prayer.

Elani Temperance said...

I included them for a few, but I am really not the right person to ask, I fear. I really wish I spoke Greek... Perhaps someone else...?